What type of varnish is used on violins?

Violin varnish is applied with a brush in two or more coats. It is composed of sun-thickened oils such as linseed or walnut, oxidized resins and added coloring matter. Good historic Italian varnish is highly translucent and soft, yet friable. The surface has texture and a delicate patina, not a new car gloss.

How long does it take to varnish a violin?

In all seriousness, if I were working full time on making, it would take about two weeks to build a violin (quadruple that for a cello) and a couple of months to tan it and varnish it.

What is the best way to finish a varnish?

Varnish needs to be preened after application to spread out any runs or pools before the finish starts to set up. The trick is to “tip off” the wet varnish by lightly dragging the tips of unloaded bristles over it while holding the brush at a steep angle.

Does painting a violin affect its sound?

The varnish that violin makers use is specially formulated so it will enhance the sound, not deaden it. … The finish of an instrument is an intrinsic element involved in sound production. While paint will not necessarily Impair the sound of your instrument, it will definitely affect the quality of your instrument.

What’s the difference between varnish and shellac?

Moving on, a very important difference between the two is that varnish cures as it dries. This renders the finish impervious to solvent that is reapplied. Shellac, on the other hand, when dried, dissolves readily once it is moistened with alcohol, fresh shellac or lacquer thinner.

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What is water based varnish?

What you may not know is that water-based varnishes are used as lacquers and are made up of solvents (which are mostly water) as well as resins. For the resins to work well with the water solvent, water-based varnishes are also composed of other chemicals that create emulsion.

How many hours does it take to make a violin?

250 hours

How quickly does varnish dry?

about 24 hours

Does varnish dry quicker in the sun?

The bottom line is, of course, however you approach the task, varnishing in the full sun is out because as slow as varnish seems to dry to the touch, that’s how fast it skins over in sun and heat. You won’t get flow brushing in the sun on any sort of decent run whatever you try.

Can I varnish over varnish without sanding?

Can you paint over varnished wood without sanding? Yes. … There are a few ways to do this, but we choose to use an oil based primer to prepare our varnished wood for new paint. The oil based primer will stick to varnished or sealed wood.

How many coats of varnish should I apply?

Apply varnish full strength. Allow to dry over at least 2 nights. Coats 5 & 6 — Same as coat 4 except sand between coats more heavily to “plane” the surface smooth.

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